Ok let me help you out since I have lived in Phoenix all my life and have only moved up here to the North West in the past few years. I also go back down there 2x-3x a year to visit and fish as well.
I have several family members that live in Goodyear as well. Just depends on where in Goodyear you are going to live. If you are going to be at, or around, the Estrella Mountain Ranch area (Take Estrella Parkway west off the I-10 straight over the mountains) that community has 2 awesome sized lakes that have some great bass. Last time I fished there, December '10, I caught several 5lbs Largemouth Bass. Do not fish the canals! They are disgusting with no fish, plus you might get mugged or stabbed while fishing. Lake Pleasant, which is about an hour north of Goodyear, provides ok fishing but it you will want a boat. Also be prepared for high winds and a lot of traffic on the weekends. Another good spot to enjoy fishing use to be Tempe Town Lake which was about an hour and a half east of Goodyear. But the dam's bladder blew up and the entire lake drained along with killing all the fish with it. They have since repaired it and restocked it however it is not the same. Also checking the AZ game and fish website will lead you to good areas. You can always send me a PM and I will be glad to help as well. Good luck and enjoy my home state!